India hosts research summit for solar technology19. November 2020
The World Solar Technology Summit (WSTS) was organized by the International Solar Alliance (ISA) and the Federation of Indian Chambers of Commerce and Industry (FICCI) and took place in September 2020 as a virtual conference focusing on India. During the conference, stakeholders from research, industry, business and politics discussed the current status of solar technology and how to expand its application in the future. In his opening speech, India’s Prime Minister Modi repeated that five years ago, the world community agreed to slow down global warming by reducing dependence on fossil fuels. India has largely implemented this declaration of intent and has the lowest CO2 emissions per capita in the world. Nevertheless, Modi continued, the expansion of renewable energies will be pushed forward.
Over the past five years, India has increased its renewable energy capacity by a factor of 2.5 and solar energy capacity by a factor of 13. On a global scale, India ranks fourth in the production of renewable energy. 35 percent or 134 gigawatts of India’s total energy needs are generated from renewable energy. The government plans to increase the amount to 220 gigawatts by 2022. Decentralized energy supply in particular is expected to play a role in the future. To this end, the Indian government has introduced a support program called “KUSUM”. Within the framework of the project, around 2.8 million water pumps in agriculture and in rural areas are to be converted from diesel engines to solar power.
The co-organizer of the virtual summit, the International Solar Alliance (ISA), is an international organization for intergovernmental cooperation in solar technology. The ISA was founded by India and France in the presence of the UN Secretary General during the Paris Climate Change Conference in 2015. The main goal of the organization is to generate 1000 gigawatts from sunlight and to facilitate investments of over 1000 billion US dollars in solar energy by 2030. As of June 26, 2020, the ISA’s declaration of intent was signed by 86 countries. The headquarters of ISA is located in Gurugram in the Indian state of Haryana. In India, solar photovoltaic systems, equipment and components are subject to BIS certification. BIS certification is comparable to CE certification but with some important differences.
Since 2012, the BIS (Bureau of Indian Standards) has been gradually expanding the certification catalog and continuously adding additional goods. BIS certification mandatory for many electronic products for industrial and consumer uses. Factory inspections are also required for some products.
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