The Indian Petroleum and Explosives Safety Organisation (PESO) presented the new guidelines for the formulation of environmentally friendly fireworks to the Supreme Court in early March 2019. Corresponding details will be made available to manufacturers from March. The research on an improved composition of fireworks was a joint effort of the Research Association of Science and Industry (CSIR), the National Research Institute for Environmental Engineering and manufacturers of fireworks and its basic materials. In tests by the PESO with the new formulations, a reduction in particulate matter (PM2.5) of up to 30 percent was achieved.
According to the PESO, the products with the new formulations will be released at the end of April 2019. Production of the fireworks will then start in May. Due to a decision by the Indian government, barium nitrate is no longer permitted as an oxidizing agent; instead, potassium nitrate can still be used. The PESO has conducted successful tests together with manufacturers of fireworks and about 200 manufacturers have signed a MoU to use the new formulations.
However, many undeclared or illegal manufacturers do not carry out quality control of their products. This poses a safety risk to both production and consumers and increases environmental and air pollution, according to a PESO spokesperson. A control system is to be introduced in which the PESO checks the raw material, the production as well as the finished products and provides them with a seal respectively a barcode or QR code. This would make it possible to identify forgeries and the country of origin, India or abroad, beyond any doubt. A court has also banned the production, sale and burning of firework batteries or connected fireworks on the reason that they cause enormous air pollution, noise and waste. The court also mentioned that the noise and smoke emissions of all fireworks must be approved by the PESO. The Petroleum and Explosives Safety Organisation (PESO) is a subordinate organisation of the Indian Ministry of Trade and Industry. The PESO certification describes the approval program for machines or products that work with gases or explosive substances or are used in their production. Find out in good time and we will check for you without obligation whether your product is subject to approval.
Here you will find further information on our PESO service package.
We would be pleased to support you with PESO certification and are also available to answer your questions at any time. Send us an email or call us at +49-69-2713769261.
The measure was taken by Prime Minister Modi in view of the sharp rise in the number of coronavirus infections in India in recent days. India is eagerly looking to South Korea, Germany and China to source advanced medical equipment from them and to adopt their crisis management. These countries have successfully reduced the number of new infections through various measures. The Indian foreign missions in the three countries have been commissioned to establish appropriate cooperation with the authorities and for the procurement of the equipment. The search for best practices, innovations, scientific knowledge and medical equipment to contain the pandemic was explicitly called for during a video conference between Prime Minister Modi and all 130 foreign missions.
India is particularly interested in South Korea’s method of mass testing and tracking of infections to prevent the spread of the disease. The South Korean model for detecting, testing and treating sick people has gained worldwide recognition. Unlike many other countries, South Korea has not introduced restrictions on public life or businesses.
China is also mentioned as a partner in combating the crisis, after the country successfully reduced the number of infected patients from over 80,000. India plans to purchase medical equipment from China. The Indian embassy in Beijing has already started negotiations with the local authorities and manufacturers. A spokesperson said they expect the delivery of 10,000 ventilators.
They are also looking into the approach of Germany to commission automobile manufacturers and suppliers to produce ventilators and other medical equipment. The Indian representation in Washington is coordinating with the Trump government on cooperation in laboratory testing to detect new infections. In this context, the Indian Secretary of State Jaishankar and the American Secretary of State Pompeo discussed cooperation between the two countries to successfully combat the pandemic. According to reports, India is working with other nations to find a vaccine against the novel corona virus. In India, the Central Drug Standard Control Organisation (CDSCO) is responsible for the so-called CDSCO certification and CDSCO approval of all drugs and medical devices on the domestic market. Every year new products are added or existing standards change. Whether a product is subject to CDSCO approval is primarily determined by the ad-hoc announcements of the CDSCO.
Please also be aware that after CDSCO certification, the CDSCO is entitled to conduct Post-Market Surveillance. That means that the authority may at any time request recent test reports or samples to be tested in India.
Even during the restrictions in view of the coronavirus crisis, plant products such as fruits, vegetables, flowers, cuttings and seeds can be imported or exported to India. The government has ordered urgent certification in order not to jeopardize the food supply, to boost producers’ sales for export and to ensure the availability of seeds for the coming season. Phytosanitary certificates for export shipments and import releases of plants and plant products will continue to be processed during the emergency situation. A government spokesperson said that around 4000 certificates for export and 1000 releases for import have been issued.
The government is also revising the entitlement to crop insurance and introducing smart sampling to assess crop failures in April and May. Government officials contacted all states and insurance companies in the country to enforce the new rules. This is to ensure that farmers receive their compensation promptly. A specially established crisis centre coordinates the officials in the respective states and monitors the actions of the loss assessors. Most damage to crops and crop failures are caused by unseasonal heavy rain and hail. The usual main crop is wheat, followed by barley, mustard, sesame and peas.
In addition to monitoring crop failures, the government coordinates with farmers, middlemen, wholesalers and cooperatives to ensure smooth transport and distribution of goods and to avoid bottlenecks and food price increases. In addition to the customs authorities, plant products and food are monitored and certified by the Bureau of Indian Standards (BIS). The BIS is the largest of all certification authorities and plays an increasingly important role in the standardization of quality standards. It is to be expected that the BIS will also take over more and more product groups from other authorities. We would be pleased to support you in the BIS certification process and are also available to answer any questions you may have.
Here you can find more information about the AIS certification, BIS certification, CDSCO certification, WPC certification and TEC certification.
Please do not hesitate to contact us for further details and consultation. You can contact us via e-mail, or call us (UK: +44 2071931135, Rest of Europe: +49 69 2713769150, US: +1 773 654-2673).
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The Indian Telecommunications Regulatory Authority (TRAI) has issued a position paper recommending the use of satellites for the provision of mobile communications in rural areas. The satellite connection should serve as a backhaul for the mobile phone transmitters and use so-called compact satellite receivers (VSAT). A backhaul is the connection of a subordinate network node, in this case mobile phone transmitters, to a central network node such as a broadband Internet access. Compact satellite receivers (VSAT) usually have a parabolic antenna with a diameter of less than 3.8 meters and support data transmission rates of 4 Kbit/s up to 16 Mbit/s. The systems are to be operated under a special government authorization for a limited number of network providers.
As early as August 2019, the Department of Telecommunications (DoT) requested the TRAI to create the corresponding framework conditions for the licensing of network operators and the granting of licenses. This should enable network operators to carry out their communications and data transmission via satellites as a backhaul to local satellite receivers and mobile phone transmitters. According to the DoT, this technology is to be used for the provision of Internet and voice connections in rural areas where there is no or insufficient network coverage to date.
Currently, there is no mobile phone service provider in India that covers the entire subcontinent. According to analyses by Speedtest Inc., the provider Reliance Jio has an availability of 98 percent, followed by Airtel and Vodafone with 90 and 85 percent respectively. In a previous press release dated September 2018, Reliance Jio has already announced that it is setting up a satellite communications network with Hughes Communications India Limited (HCIL). The Hughes JUPITER system can provide a 4G/LTE network via satellite link. In India, telecommunications equipment, which may be end-user devices or infrastructure, requires mandatory TEC or WPC certification. We would be happy to advise you whether and which India certification applies to your products and carry out the certification for you.